By Audrey Thomas McCluskey
Emerging from the darkness of the slave period and Reconstruction, black activist girls Lucy Craft Laney, Mary McLeod Bethune, Charlotte Hawkins Brown, and Nannie Helen Burroughs based colleges aimed toward freeing African-American formative years from deprived futures within the segregated and decidedly unequal South. From the past due 19th via mid-twentieth centuries, those contributors fought discrimination as participants of a bigger circulation of black ladies who uplifted destiny generations via a spotlight on schooling, social carrier, and cultural transformation. Born unfastened, yet with the shadow of the slave earlier nonetheless implanted of their attention, Laney, Bethune, Brown, and Burroughs equipped off every one other’s successes and realized from every one other’s struggles as directors, teachers, and suffragists. Drawing from the women’s personal letters and writings approximately academic tools and from remembrances of surviving scholars, Audrey Thomas McCluskey unearths the pivotal value of this sisterhood’s legacy for later generations and for the establishment of schooling itself.
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Extra resources for A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South
Mary White Ovington, a white woman who was a founder of the NAACP, admired Laney for standing up for her ideals and noted her refusal to bow to male authority even in the hierarchical Presbyterian Church, or to others who thought a woman should not run a school. ” 47 SETTING A STANDARD Laney greatly influenced younger women such as Mary Bethune, who spent the 1895–1896 school year teaching at Haines before opening her own school in Daytona Beach, Florida, in 1904. That influence can be seen in the initiatives and ideas that Bethune borrowed from Laney.
Yee, “Finding a Place: Mary Ann Shadd Cary and the Dilemmas of Black Migration to Canada, 1850–1870,” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 18, no. 3 (1997): 1–16. 102. “Trial of Susan B. Anthony,” Atlanta Constitution, 22 June 1873, 1. 103. , 9–10. 104. Dittmer, 150. 105. “Miss Lucy Laney,” Pacific Coast Appeal, San Francisco, 4 July 1903, 1. 106. ” 107. ” 108. ” 109. Anne Hogan and Andrew Bradstock, Women of Faith in Victorian Culture: Reassessing the Angel in the House (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998), 5.
97 Nevertheless, blaming Laney for Ware’s demise diverts attention from state-sanctioned white supremacy, along with class and gender issues. As the most visible, active, black woman in Augusta, Laney did not conform to the accepted role of women in the community. ” 98 Although accepted in her conventionality as a spinster-teacher, her visibility and activism challenged socially accepted gender roles for women during that era. The closing of Ware High added to Laney’s prominence in black education in Augusta.