By Alan Cruse
This easy-to-use consultant illuminates key ideas and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the examine of that means because it is conveyed via language.
Read Online or Download A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossaries in Linguistics) PDF
Best semantics books
This significant new ebook is the 1st of a chain of volumes amassing the fundamental articles through the eminent and hugely influential thinker Saul A. Kripke. It provides a mix of released and unpublished articles from numerous phases of Kripke's storied career.
Included listed here are seminal and lots more and plenty mentioned items equivalent to "Identity and Necessity", "Outline of a thought of Truth", "Speaker's Reference and Semantic Reference", and "A Puzzle approximately trust. " newer released articles contain "Russell's concept of Scope" and "Frege's thought of feel and Reference" between others. numerous articles are released the following for the 1st time, together with either older works ("Two Paradoxes of Knowledge", "Vacuous Names and Fictional Entities", "Nozick on Knowledge") in addition to more moderen ("The First Person" and "Unrestricted Exportation"). "A Puzzle on Time and Thought" used to be written expressly for this quantity.
Publication of this quantity -- which levels over epistemology, linguistics, pragmatics, philosophy of language, heritage of analytic philosophy, idea of fact, and metaphysics -- represents a big occasion in modern analytic philosophy. will probably be of serious curiosity to the various who're drawn to the paintings of 1 its maximum residing figures.
This e-book explores the big variety of circumstances within which the plural of nouns is lexical. while a plural is lexicalized it turns into a part of what it truly is to understand a undeniable be aware: pence, for instance, is lexical since it potential a plurality of a definite variety - a a number of worth, now not a collection of actual gadgets like pennies - and understanding this examining is understanding the observe.
This ebook fills a niche in reviews of that means by way of offering specified case reviews of attested corpus info at the meanings of phrases and words.
- The Syntax of Topic, Focus, and Contrast
- The Semantic Variability of Absolute Constructions
- La Ciencia de La Semiotica
- Academic Discourse
- The Building Blocks Of Meaning: Ideas for a Philosophical Grammar (Human Cognitive Processing)
- Representation of Cognitive Structures: Syntax and Semantics of French Sentential Complements
Additional info for A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossaries in Linguistics)
The most straightforward way of relating word meanings to concepts is to say that they are the same. A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS conceptual axiology 31 see Natural Semantic Metalanguage Conceptual Metaphor Theory This is a theory of metaphor developed by Lakoff. The basic idea is that metaphor is essentially a relation between conceptual domains, whereby ways of talking about one domain (the ‘source domain’) can be applied to another domain (the ‘target domain’) by virtue of ‘correspondences’ between the two.
Equipollent opposition see under markedness essentialism (psychological) This is a theory about the nature of concepts (see also under the ‘theory’ theory). It proposes that human beings, in their use of concepts, act on the assumption that for every conceptual category there is an essence which is shared by every member of the category. Hence, there is an essence of ‘salt-hood’, an essence of ‘hammer-hood’, an essence of ‘giraffe-hood’, and so on. For many categories, the essence is ‘hidden’, in two senses: (1) it may not be directly observable; (2) it may not be known to the user.
The basic unit of description in conversational analysis is the ‘turn’ (sometimes called the ‘turn constructional unit’). This is an uninterrupted contribution of one speaker to a conversation, followed and preceded by a change of speaker unless it represents the beginning or end of the conversation. Turns are said to be ‘latched’ if there is no detectable gap between the end of one turn and the beginning of the next. They may occasionally ‘overlap’. A slight pause may signal a ‘transition-relevance place’, where the turn is offered to another participant.