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By Richard M. Hogg

First released in 1992, A Grammar of previous English, quantity 1: Phonology was once a landmark book that during the intervening years has now not been handed in its intensity of scholarship and value to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous book of Richard M. Hogg’s Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this entire work.

  • Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of previous English reports and in linguistic theory
  • Takes complete benefit of the Dictionary of Old English venture at Toronto, and comprises complete cross-references to the DOE data
  • Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative concept and comparable topics
  • Provides fabric the most important for destiny examine either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in historic sociolinguistics

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4n2), see Bazell (1960: 27). 1 The phonological analysis of the affricates as two separate units is less preferable not only on the above grounds, but also on others. Note, for example, the absence of a voiced palatal sibilant **/è/ except in affrication. Also relevant here is the use of 〈z〉 to represent /ts/ clusters, such as bezt ‘best’, milze ‘mercy’, which might seem to suggest a further affricate. But various phonological developments such as metathesis, for Orthography and phonology 37 example, Li bæstere ‘baptist’ against Rul bæzere, which could not occur if /ts/ were a single unit, show that this is not the case.

60, 75–6 for discussion. M. Anderson (1988b) for a fuller discussion of the phonological status of [voice] with respect to fricatives. 54–8. 54, the fricative represented by 〈f〉 must have been labiodental [v] rather than bilabial [b]. 2 Examples of /f/ are: fæder ‘father’, drcfan ‘drive’, hrdf ‘roof’. When bilabial [b] split from /b/ and merged with [v] as an allophone of /f/, 〈f〉 is also introduced as the spelling of the original bilabial. 54, s7bafas, salf are found. Apart from cases of internal juncture, giving /f+f/, as in offaran ‘overtake’ and numerous other forms, /ff/ is extremely rare and appears to be confined to three types: (1) proper names, such as Offa, Wuffa; (2) onomatopoeia, such as abyffan ‘mutter’, pyffan ‘breathe out’; (3) foreign (Lat) loan-words, where /ff/ is in the borrowed form, such as offrian ‘offer’ < Lat offerre, cuffie ‘caul’ < Lat *cuffja, cf.

In both types the question of the reality of the supposed sound change is difficult and perhaps even insoluble. For discussion of the status of the digraphs and what values they might have represented in these contexts see the sections cited immediately above for some tentative conclusions. 32 Except where 〈i〉 is a diacritic, 〈io〉 represented a diphthong both short and long, with prominence on the first element. 30. , and neither consistently remains in its original form after the ninth century.

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