By Alasdair MacIntyre
A brief background of Ethics: A heritage of ethical Philosophy from the Homeric Age to the 20th Century is a 1966 ebook at the heritage of ethical philosophy through the Scottish thinker Alasdair MacIntyre. it's the first of a chain of books through MacIntyre at the historical past and improvement of ethics.
The publication covers Greek ethics together with Plato and Aristotle, Christian ethical notion together with the paintings of Martin Luther and writers together with Niccolò Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Edmund Burke, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Karl Marx, Søren Kierkegaard, Arthur Schopenhauer and Friedrich Nietzsche. MacIntyre additionally discusses 20th century philosophers together with G. E. Moore, John Dewey and R. M. Hare.
According to a assessment within the magazine of Philosophy, considered one of MacIntyre's fundamental theses within the ebook is that "moral innovations switch as social existence changes" and accordingly philosophers who think there's one topic of moral inquiry are incorrect. A evaluate within the British magazine of academic reports describes the ebook as a "stimulating, if hugely impressionistic, account of the heritage of ethics written from the viewpoint of his personal convictions concerning the nation of ethical concepts".
In a overview for The Philosophical evaluate, J. B. Schneewind describes the paintings as a "brilliant and provocative book" that's "not a lot a historical past of ethics as an essay concerning the heritage of ethics".
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Extra resources for A Short History of Ethics (Routledge Classics)
In consequence, a human being cannot be treated as a chattel or an object to be disposed of for someone's program or project or ideology, but must be treated as a personality, Every human being is the possessor of the right-to-life, dignity and honor, and the fruits of his or her labor. Justice is respect for the personality of others and their inalienable rights, even as injustice is the most flagrant manifestation of disrespect for the personality of others. Judaism requires that human personality be respected in every human being in the female prisoner of war, in the delinquent, even in the criminal condemned to death.
But the Vietnam War was only one among many such confidence-shaking events. The explosion of violence in street crime, race riots, bombings, bizarre airplane hijackings, shocking assassinations have made a mock- Page 18 ery of the TV image of middle class American gentility and brought home with terrible impact the recognition of a barbarism hidden behind the superficial amenities of life. We switch on the evening TV and learn what's going to hit us next on the head a hijacking, a murder, a rape, or some other daily terror.
Erich Fromm is entitled, The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1973). Prof. " Noting that the preoccupation of pro- Page 16 fessionals and the general public alike with the nature and causes of aggression is rather recent dating in fact only to the middle of the 1960's Dr. '' As noted in a 1973 study of "Violence, Non-Violence and Struggle for Social Justice," prepared for the World Council of Churches, "violence today has become demonic in its hold on human life. " Although there are exceptions, torture has been standard administrative practice in more than thirty countries and has oc- Page 17 curred in more than sixty.