By Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti
This booklet examines the usage of algae for the improvement of invaluable items and procedures with the emphasis in the direction of eco-friendly applied sciences and strategies, and the necessities to make those attainable. Serving as a whole reference consultant to the construction of biofuels and different worth further items from micro and macro algae, it covers quite a few points of algal biotechnology from the fundamentals to massive scale cultivation, harvesting and processing for numerous items. it truly is authored and edited via revered international specialists within the box of algal biotechnology and gives the freshest and leading edge info on advancements within the box. over the last decade there was tremendous concentration and comparable literature at the program of algal biomass for the iteration of novel methods and items. ‘Algae Biotechnology: items and strategies’ contains a holistic method of severely comparing advancements within the box of algal biotechnology when making an allowance for fresh advances and construction at the physique of data. features of the consequences of damaging algae also are mentioned, in addition to the aptitude advertisement software of algal biotechnology, the techno-economic feasibility of algal biodiesel construction and using genetic and metabolic engineering for the advance of yield. different bioenergy assets reminiscent of alcohol fuels, aviation fuels, biohydrogen and biogas also are coated. This ebook is meant for postgraduates and researchers operating within the biofuels and algal undefined; it constitutes perfect reference fabric for either early degree and proven researchers.
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Extra resources for Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes
2) at the ends of the raceway is known to reduce the speciﬁc power consumption (Sompech et al. 2012; Liffman et al. 2013) relative to baffle-free operation, but contrary data have also been reported (Mendoza et al. 2013a). Design of raceway ends to minimize the power required for a given flow velocity is further discussed in the literature (Sompech et al. 2012; Liffman et al. 2013). Under typically used conditions, the mixing of fluid between the surface and the deeper layers is poor (Chisti 2012; Mendoza et al.
2013a). 4 to 6 h (Mendoza et al. 2013a). With the deflector baffle installed, the mixing time was longer, with 30–40 flow circuits being required for 5 % deviation from complete mixing (Mendoza et al. 2013a). This was likely because the deflector baffles reduced the mixing potential of the semicircular ends. 2 m (Mendoza et al. 2013a). Computer simulations of pond fluid dynamics have resulted in design recommendations for minimizing energy consumption while achieving sufﬁcient mixing to prevent sedimentation and dead zones (Sompech et al.
2014). Evaluation of power consumption of paddle wheel in an open raceway pond. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, 37, 1325– 1336. , Paterson, D. , & Bandopadhayay, P. (2013). Comparing the energy efﬁciency of different high rate algal raceway pond designs using computational fluid dynamics. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 91, 221–226. Mendoza, J. , Granados, M. , Acién, F. , et al. (2013a). Fluid-dynamic characterization of real-scale raceway reactors for microalgae production. Biomass and Bioenergy, 54, 267–275.