By A. Clinton
Jean Moulin is a universally famous French hero, celebrated because the delegate of basic de Gaulle to Nazi-occupied France in 1942-3 and founding father of the nationwide Resistance Council in may possibly 1943. he's identified for defiance of the German invaders in June 1940 and for his loss of life within the palms of Gestapo leader Klaus Barbie in July 1943. This booklet is the fist absolutely documented account in English of his republican historical past, his resistance actions, and of his demise and recognition.
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Additional info for Jean Moulin, 1899–1943: The French Resistance and the Republic
He ﬁrst met Moulin in 1925, when he was changing his political opinions enough to stand as an ofﬁcial Radical candidate. Under these colours he secured his ﬁrst electoral success. Cot wrote thirty years later that Moulin then was a ‘radical of the left’ with opinions ‘very close to mine’. 23 Pierre Cot was a signiﬁcant ﬁgure in French politics from the 1930s to the 1950s. His political career saw extraordinary ﬂuctuations, from distinguished service in the Great War and a position close to paciﬁsm, to very controversial high ministerial ofﬁce in the 1930s, developing after wartime exile in the United States into close association with Communism.
This always involved working closely with other groups on the left, especially the Socialists at that time, and later with the Communists. When they ﬁrst met, they were both strong supporters of the League of Nations and of the policies set out in the so-called triptych espoused by Aristide Briand of ‘security, arbitration and disarmament’. Similar policies were advocated by most of the moderate left at the time, including for example by Ramsay MacDonald in Britain. In 1930, Cot wanted France to give a lead in disarmament through peace agreements ‘more juridical than mystical’, with sanctions enforcing arms control.
When the SFIO split in December, the Department’s Socialist deputy Édouard Barthe remained ﬁrmly on the side of Blum and the ‘reformists’. With the right-wing ‘Bloc National’ in the ascendancy on a national level, progressive radicals like 22 Jean Moulin, 1899–1943 Louis Lafferre were inevitably pushed closer to the Socialists. This unity on the left characterised politics in Hérault over the following years, where a strongly republican tradition could only succeed if it brought Radicals and Socialists more closely together than in many other parts of France.