By Mark Netzloff
This version presents the 1st whole, smooth model of John Norden's The Surveyor's discussion. Norden's textual content, a chain of dialogues among a fictional surveyor and several other interlocutors”including a tenant farmer, an aristocrat landowner, a manorial officer, and a socially cellular land buyer”is outstanding for its targeted observation at the agrarian roots of English capitalism. In his large creation, Mark Netzloff situates the textual content on the subject of a couple of early sleek contexts. He discusses using discussion and different literary types in proto-scientific writing and the position of print within the expanding professionalism of early surveyors. Netzloff additionally examines the effect of capital formation on agrarian and manorial type kin, discussing issues comparable to well known protest and riot, cottagers and the agricultural negative, regionalism and urbanization, and the transformation of the normal surroundings via deforestation, enclosure, and the appropriation of commons. along a radical annotation of technical and historic phrases, the variation presents a listing of textual versions between early smooth types of the textual content. This severe variation of The Surveyor's discussion constitutes an incredible contribution to early sleek scholarship, and it'll be helpful to students from a number of fields, together with the heritage of technological know-how, fiscal and agrarian background, and literary and cultural experiences.
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Extra info for John Norden's The Surveyor's Dialogue (1618) (Literary and Scientific Cultures of Early Modernity)
Surveying rashly condemned’. ‘Faculty’. John Norden’s The Surveyor’s Dialogue (1618) 16 Farmer I speak, indeed, as induced to the opinion I hold, by all the three reasons. Surveyor Then needs must you be either partial or malicious in the first two, and deceived in the third: for he that speaketh by conjecture hath not experience, and he that speaketh by report, is as a trunk to convey an uncertain sound coming from one to the ears of others; and if you speak by experience, then have you a pretense to have skill in the art; and by your own experience, it seemeth, you condemn yourself to have abused the same, and so condemn a general necessary profession, in respect of your own particular error in the same.
Norden’s text never mentions Scotland, for instance, and contains few references either to Wales (pp. 164, 180) or areas of the North Country (pp. 99, 102). However, demonstrating how inclusion in the national market is not solely a demographic factor attributable to agricultural output, an odd feature of the text is that it never even mentions the Midlands. 10 Nor did this exemption result from Norden’s professional specialization, for while he was employed most Appropriately, Norden was the first cartographer to indicate roads on his maps when he included this feature as part of his county map of Cornwall (Speculi Britanniae Pars: A Topographical and Historical Description of Cornwall [London, 1728]).
172). 29 Another significant revision is a passage that immediately precedes his allusion to the ‘devastation’ of enclosure, one in which Norden uses the same term to describe the effects of deforestation (p. 171). 30 Earlier in the text, the Bailiff estimates that two-thirds of the forests in his region had been cut down within the preceding 20 years alone 27 Qtd in Maurice Dobb, Studies in the Development of Capitalism (New York, 1947), p. 227. 28 For discussion of Norden’s professional work for the state, particularly as Chief Surveyor of the Duchy of Cornwall beginning in 1605, see Kitchen, ‘John Norden … Estate Surveyor, Topographer, County Mapmaker, and Devotional Writer’: 51–6 and Heather Lawrence, ‘John Norden and his Colleagues: Surveyors of Crown Lands,’ The Cartographic Journal 22 (1985): 54–6.